This post originally appeared on Medium on April 19th 2021
Welcome to Part 2 of my series on setting up Monitoring for your Infrastructure using Grafana and InfluxDB.
Last week as well as the series Introduction, we started our Monitoring build with Part 1, which was creating our Ubuntu Server to serve as a host for our Docker Images. Onwards we now go to Part 2, where the fun really starts and we pull our images for Grafana and InfluxDB from Docker Hub, create persistent storage and get them running.
Firstly, lets get Grafana running!
We’re going to start by going to the official Grafana Documentation (link here) which tells us that we need to create a persistent storage volume for our container. If we don’t do this, all of our data will be lost every time the container shuts down. So we run
sudo docker volume create grafana-storage:
- That’s created, but where is it located? Run this command to find out:
sudo find / -type d -name “grafana-storage
- This tells us where the file location is (in this case, the location as we can see above is:
- Now, we need to download the Grafana image from the docker hub. Run
sudo docker search grafanato search for a list of Grafana images:
- As we can see, there are a number of images available but we want to use the official one at the top of the list. So we run
sudo docker pull grafana/grafanato pull the image:
- This will take a few seconds to pull down. We run the
sudo docker imagescommand to confirm the image has downloaded:
- Now the image is downloaded and we have our storage volume ready to persist our data. Its time to get our image running. Lets run this command:
sudo docker run -d -p 3000:3000 — name=grafana -v grafana-storage:var/snap/docker/common/var-lib-docker/volumes/grafana-storage grafana/grafana
- Wow, that’s a mouthful ….. lets explain what the command is doing. We use “docker run -d” to start the container in the background. We then use the “-p 3000:3000” to make the container available on port 3000 via the IP Address of the Ubuntu Host. We then use “-v” to point at our persistent storage location that we created, and finally we use “grafana/grafana” to specify the image we want to use.
- The IP of my Ubuntu Server is 10.210.239.186. Lets see if we can browse to 10.210.239.186:3000 …..
- Well hello there beautiful ….. the default username/password is admin/admin, and you will be prompted to change this at first login to something more secure.
Now we need a Data Source!
- Now that we have Grafana running, we need a Data Source to store the data that we are going to present via our Dashboard. There are many excellent data sources available, the question is which one to use. That can be answered by going to the Grafana Dashboards page, where you will find thousands of Official and Community built dashboards. By searching for the Dashboard you want to create, you’ll quickly see the compatible Data Source for your desired dashboard. So if you recall, we are trying to visualize WSUS Metrics, and if we search for WSUS, we find this:
- As you can see, InfluxDB is the most commonly used, so we’re going to use that. But what is this “InfluxDB” that I speak of.
- InfluxDB is a “time series database”. The good people over at InfluxDB explain it a lot better than I will, but in summary a time series database is optimized for time-stamped data that can be tracked, monitored and sampled over time.
- I’m going to keep using docker for hosting all elements of our monitoring solution. Lets search for the InfluxDB image on the Docker Hub by running
sudo docker search influx:
- Again, I’m going to use the official one, so run the
sudo docker pull influxdb:1.8command to pull the image. Note that I’m pulling the InfluxDB image with tag 1.8. Versions after 1.8 use a new DB Model which is not yet widely used:
- And to confirm, lets run
sudo docker images:
- At this point, I’m ready to run the image. But first, lets create another persistent storage area on the host for the InfluxDB image, just like I did for the Grafana one. So we run
sudo docker volume create influx18-storage:
- Again, lets run the command to find it and get the exact location:
- And this is what we need for our command to launch the container:
sudo docker run -d -p 8086:8086 — name=influxdb -v influx18-storage:var/snap/docker/common/var-lib-docker/volumes/influx18-storage influxdb:1.8
- We’re running InfluxDB on port 8086 as this is its default. So now, lets check our 2 containers are running by running
sudo docker ps:
- OK great, so we have our 2 containers running. Now, we need to interact with the InfluxDB Container to create our database. So we run
sudo docker exec -it 99ce /bin/bash:
- This gives us an interactive session (docker exec -it) with the container (we’ve used the container ID “99ce” from above to identify it) so we can configure it. Finally, we’ve asked for a bash session (/bin/bash) to run commands from. So now, lets create our database and set authentication. We run “influx” and setup our database and user authentication:
Great! So now that’s done , we need to configure InfluxDB as a Data Source for Grafana. You’ll have to wait for Part 3 for that! Thanks again for reading, and hope to see you back next week where as well as setting up our Data Source connection, we’ll set up our Dashboard in Grafana ready to receive data from our WSUS Server!
Hope you enjoyed this post, until next time!!